HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 98
HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 98
Offered January 11, 2012
Prefiled January 10, 2012
Designating October 15, in 2012 and in each succeeding year, as First Lady Edith Bolling Wilson Day in Virginia.
Patrons-- Crockett-Stark and Rush
Referred to Committee on Rules
WHEREAS, October 15, 2012, marks the 140th anniversary of the birth of Edith Bolling, the 35th First Lady of the United States and wife of President Woodrow Wilson; and
WHEREAS, born in Wytheville, Virginia, on October 15, 1872, Edith Bolling was a ninth-generation descendant of Pocahontas; and
WHEREAS, the modest second-floor residence, located above street-level storefronts at 145 East Main Street, Wytheville, Virginia, was the birthplace of Edith Bolling and home to her family, including 10 siblings, grandparents, extended family, and 26 canaries; and
WHEREAS, Edith Bolling received her primary education from parents and grandparents at their home; she left Wytheville at age 15 to study in Abingdon, Virginia, and later in Richmond, Virginia; and
WHEREAS, in 1896, Edith Bolling married Norman Galt of Washington, D.C., at St. John’s Episcopal Church, the Bolling family church, located one block from the Bolling Home, where she returned to dedicate stained glass windows in her family’s memory in 1960; and
WHEREAS, Norman Galt was the owner of Galt Jewelers and Silversmiths and, following his death in 1908, Edith Bolling Galt operated Galt Jewelers for several years, an extraordinary feat for a woman at that period in time; and
WHEREAS, several years later as a widow, Edith Bolling Galt met President Woodrow Wilson, following his first wife’s death, and a storybook courtship began, which resulted in their marriage on December 18, 1915, at her home in Washington, D.C.; and
WHEREAS, being First Lady during World War I, Mrs. Wilson abandoned most social aspects of the White House and instead observed Gas-less Sundays, Meat-less Mondays, and Wheat-less Wednesdays to set an example for the federal rationing effort; and
WHEREAS, similarly, Mrs. Wilson set sheep to graze on the White House lawn rather than wasting manpower mowing it and auctioned the wool for the benefit of the American Red Cross; and
WHEREAS, Mrs. Wilson became the President’s confidant, discussing with him many matters of state while submerging her own life in an attempt to keep him fit during the strain of a Presidency at war; and
WHEREAS, Mrs. Wilson accompanied the President to Europe as the Allies conferred on terms of peace, which was the first such trip for a First Lady, and she is said to have played a political role, being compared, in some circles, to royalty; and
WHEREAS, following the President’s debilitating stroke in 1919, Mrs. Wilson became his constant attendant and managed his personal affairs while screening matters of state before taking them to the bedridden President, thus emerging as one of the most influential and controversial women in U.S. history, being referred to as the “Secret President” and “First Woman President”; and
WHEREAS, in 1921, Mrs. Wilson retired with the former President to their home on S Street in Washington, D.C., nursing him until his death in 1924 and later served as director of the Woodrow Wilson Foundation; and
WHEREAS, Mrs. Wilson lived at their home on S Street until her death in 1961, leaving the house to the National Trust for Historic Preservation to be made into a museum honoring President Wilson; and
WHEREAS, Edith Bolling Wilson died on December 28, 1961, on what would have been President Wilson’s 105th birthday, and is the only First Lady interred in the National Cathedral in Washington, D.C., along with President Wilson; and
WHEREAS, Mrs. Wilson was instrumental in the founding of what is now the Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library and Museum in Staunton, Virginia; served as the first Honorary President of the Girl Scouts of America; was an ardent supporter of the Red Cross; was the inspiration for President Wilson’s declaration of Mother’s Day; and participated in President John F. Kennedy’s inaugural parade; and
WHEREAS, the Edith Bolling Wilson Birthplace Foundation was founded by William J. and Farron W. Smith on October 15, 2005, to provide for the restoration of the Bolling Home as the birthplace and childhood home of First Lady Edith Bolling Wilson, and to honor the First Lady’s legacy, her contributions to this country, and the resulting positive example and strong inspiration to women; and
WHEREAS, the anniversary of First Lady Edith Bolling Wilson’s 140th birthday is an appropriate time to reflect on her life and legacy; now, therefore, be it
RESOLVED by the House of Delegates, the Senate concurring, That the General Assembly designate October 15, in 2012 and in each succeeding year, as First Lady Edith Bolling Wilson Day in Virginia; and, be it
RESOLVED FURTHER, That the Clerk of the House of Delegates transmit a copy of this resolution to Mr. and Mrs. William J. Smith, the Edith Bolling Wilson Birthplace Foundation, the Town Council of Wytheville, and the Wythe County Board of Supervisors, so that they may be apprised of the sense of the General Assembly of Virginia in this matter; and, be it
RESOLVED FINALLY, That the Clerk of the House of Delegates post the designation of this day on the General Assembly’s website.
Today in D.C. History: D.C.’s Oldest Business Closes Up Shop
Posted by Michael E. Grass on Mar. 8, 2011 at 2:10 pm
On March 8, 2001, the District's oldest business, Galt & Bro. Jewelers, closed after nearly two centuries of continuous operation, serving presidents and local residents alike. While the business moved over the years, it had always been located near the White House; its last address on 15th Street NW was across the street from the Treasury Department.
In fact, the first watch President Abraham Lincoln ever owned was being repaired at the shop when the first shots were fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston, S.C. An Irish immigrant working on the watch had secretly inscribed the brass underside of the watch movement to commemorate the event:
Jonathan Dillon April 13- 1861 Fort Sumter was attacked by the rebels on the above date. J Dillon ... April 13- 1861 Washington thank God we have a government.
Lincoln never paid off his debt to the store. Following his assassination, the Galt family forgave most of what was owed, but did reclaim some of the items the president had made for his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln.
The Galt name may sound familiar for other reasons: Edith Galt, who took over management of the store following her husband's death in 1908, married President Woodrow Wilson in 1915. The photo of the store's interior pictured above was taken on their wedding day.
While the business had a storied history with residents at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW—a plaque President John F. Kennedy had made for the Sultan of Zanzibar was never picked up following the president's 1963 assassination—the store was a fixture for local residents. Pictured below is a Galt & Bro. Jewelers–branded sack, used to hold a silver-plated bowl that was hand-crafted for my family, which has been living in the District since the 1860s.
According to Reason magazine, Galt's last year in business was its most profitable.
So why did the business close? Because its owners decided that if the store could not continue to live within the identity created by generations of customers and managers, then it would be better simply to honor that long tradition by quietly shutting the door. The decision meant foregoing the certain and handsome profit that would have come from selling a two-century accumulation of illustrious good will. It is a striking act of creative destruction.